Isaiah 10:23-34

Isa 10:23

For the Lord GOD of hosts shall make a consumption, even determined, in the midst of all the land.


The word “consumption” means “a full and utter end.”  There is going to come the removal of the ten northern tribes by Assyria and then there will be the invasion of Judah by Assyria in which many fenced cities would be destroyed and over 200,000 captives will be removed to Assyria but Jerusalem will not be destroyed by Assyria as God will withhold his judging hand at that time.  Jerusalem will be razed in 587 B.C. when the Babylonians will remove Judah from the land for seventy years.  Then in 70 A.D. will come the final destruction of Judah in its entirety and all the Jews will either be killed or taken as slaves to Rome. 


Isa 10:24

Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, O my people that dwellest in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrian: he shall smite thee with a rod, and shall lift up his staff against thee, after the manner of Egypt.


Then the LORD assures the people of Judah that they should not fear the Assyrians as they come against them.  They will smite them with a rod which means they will afflict them but they will not be utterly destroyed and the same thing is with the staff as Assyria was called this as they performed the work of the LORD even though they did not know it.  The Egyptians had afflicted Israel but instead of destroying them they became a great nation within Egypt.  The same situation will occur with Judah when the Assyrian siege is over.


Isa 10:25

For yet a very little while, and the indignation shall cease, and mine anger in their destruction.


The Lord’s use of Assyria as his means of judgment will be short lived and then the LORD will deal with them by bringing their mighty empire to an end.  The inhabitants of Judah were judged but not destroyed but the Assyrian army will be utterly destroyed.


Isa 10:26

And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and as his rod was upon the sea, so shall he lift it up after the manner of Egypt.


The scourge which the LORD sent forth was a destroying angel who would destroy 185,000 men of the army of Assyria. Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses. (Isaiah 37:36)  The slaughter of the Midianites at the rock of Oreb took place during the time of Gideon.


24 And Gideon sent messengers throughout all mount Ephraim, saying, Come down against the Midianites, and take before them the waters unto Beth-barah and Jordan. Then all the men of Ephraim gathered themselves together, and took the waters unto Beth-barah and Jordan. 25 And they took two princes of the Midianites, Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon on the other side Jordan. (Judges 7:24-25)


Then just as Moses lifted up the rod over the Red Sea so Egypt could pass through it safely and then after the manner of the death of the Egyptians, the Assyrians will suffer the same fate as the army of Egypt.


Isa 10:27

And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing.


Then once the Assyrian army has been destroyed and they are no longer a threat, the burden which was upon their shoulders as one carries something heavy and the yoke which binds them to someone or something will be totally destroyed and will never bother them again.  They will be freed from that yoke.  The anointing may be pointing to David who was anointed king of Israel and whom God promised to set a king upon his throne forever.  This is why Judah could not be destroyed until the Messiah had come who was in the lineage of David.


Isa 10:28

He is come to Aiath, he is passed to Migron; at Michmash he hath laid up his carriages:


This is describing the way which Sennacherib came to Jerusalem.  Aiath is the city of Ai where Achan sinned and Joshua had to weed out his sin so the nation of Israel could once again receive the blessing of the Lord.  Migron was located within the tribe of Benjamin that was located within Judah.  And Saul tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in Migron: and the people that were with him were about six hundred men; (1 Samuel 14:2)  Michmash was approximately 7 miles (11 KM) north of Jerusalem.  Laying up his carriages means that is where his base of operation was as he stored his weapons and chariots of war so he could dispatch them as he saw fit to attack whatever he wanted.


Isa 10:29

They are gone over the passage: they have taken up their lodging at Geba; Ramah is afraid; Gibeah of Saul is fled.


The passages was the passage of Michmash.  And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash. (1 Samuel 13:23)  The passage was a ford or some type of crossing which allowed the army to cross over.  Geba was a city in the tribe of Benjamin where they had only stayed one night.  Ramah was about seven miles from Jerusalem located in the tribe of Benjamin.  Blow ye the cornet in Gibeah, and the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud at Beth-aven, after thee, O Benjamin. (Hosea 5:8)  Gibeah was also a city in Benjamin.  Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Beth-el, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent. (1 Samuel 13:2)  The Assyrians had made very swift advances and that is why the inhabitants of these cities were in fear and put up no resistance.


Isa 10:30

Lift up thy voice, O daughter of Gallim: cause it to be heard unto Laish, O poor Anathoth.


Gallim was a city in the tribe of Benjamin and Laish was on the northern border of Judea.  What this is meaning here is that they were to howl and lament so loudly that it would be heard throughout all of Judah.  Anathoth was also a city in the tribe of Benjamin and was the hometown of Jeremiah the prophet and was about 3 miles (5 KM) from Jerusalem.


Isa 10:31

Madmenah is removed; the inhabitants of Gebim gather themselves to flee.


Madmenah was located in the southern part of Judah and near the city of Gaza.  And Ziklag, and Madmannah, and Sansannah, (Joshua 15:31)  The city of Gebim is nowhere to be found in Scripture and its location is lost to antiquity.


Isa 10:32

As yet shall he remain at Nob that day: he shall shake his hand against the mount of the daughter of Zion, the hill of Jerusalem.


Sennacherib left Gebim but remained at Nob the last portion of the day.  Shaking his hand against Jerusalem and the people of Zion is all he was allowed to do.  He would proceed no further and would not be allowed to enter Jerusalem.


Isa 10:33

Behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror: and the high ones of stature shall be hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled.


In verse 18 Sennacherib’s army was compared to that of a forest where there were big trees and many of them close together.  Here the promise from the LORD was that he would lop, which is cut or remove the boughs which are the branches of the trees.  He is going to deforest the forest, that is, he is going to destroy the army of Sennacherib.  The high ones and the haughty are the nobles and the army commanders who thought they were invincible and will be brought down, humbled and killed along with the other members of the army.  Hewing down a tree means that it will die and never grow leaves again or live again.


Isa 10:34

And he shall cut down the thickets of the forest with iron, and Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one.


The iron is describing the angel of the LORD which will come against the Assyrian army which is described as a forest and will destroy 185,000 soldiers.  Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses. (Isaiah 37:36)  The Assyrian army is compared to the cedars of Lebanon which were mighty trees and desired to be used in the finest of houses but they will not stand before the mighty angel of the LORD who will destroy them.  Sennacherib will also not escape judgment, his own sons will kill him.  And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia: and Esar-haddon his son reigned in his stead. (Isaiah 37:38)