Isaiah 14:12-22

Isa 14:12

How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!


Verses 12 to 17 offer a dual understanding of both the King of Babylon (KOB) and Satan.


KOB – Here Isaiah speaks of the king of Babylon as living so high and mighty that it was like he was living in Heaven.  The name “Lucifer” means “light bearer.”  The King of Babylon here is called that because he is like the morning star which fades out of sight when the sun rises over the horizon.  He lived lavishly and now his glory has faded like the morning star.  He has been cut down to the ground like a tree which will never stand again among the trees as he is laid in the grave as any other human.  He weakened the nations which carries with it “decay or wasted” which states what he did to the nations which he conquered as he made them part of the Babylonian empire. 


Satan - And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. (Luke 10:18)  Jesus stated that he saw Satan fall from Heaven after he had sinned.  When Satan rebelled against God, he was cast out of Heaven and his fall was very swift. When one rebels against God, God can make their punishment very swift. Since Isaiah has recorded the fall of Satan, then what is in view in Luke 10:18 was the original fall from Heaven by Lucifer who became Satan. The believers can rejoice that Jesus saw the beginning of the end of Satan and his kingdom. The only satanic opposition that the believer will face is here on earth.  After Satan sinned, he was sent down to the earth.  And the LORD said unto Satan, From whence comest thou? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it. (Job 2:2)  Since his rebellion, sin has infected every nation on earth and as a result has weakened the nations and the definition of wasted or decayed is apropos because sin has done that to every nation since his fall.


Isa 14:13

For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:


KOB – Believed that he was so powerful and glorious that he would ascend to Heaven.  Thought that he was the supreme king on earth, the king of kings.  And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS. (Revelation 19:16)  However, that term belongs to the Lord Jesus Christ alone.  When he thought he could make his throne in Heaven, then all the stars of Heaven would be below him as those other smaller and lesser kingdoms, he thought he would be supreme ruler.  He thought that he would rule the nations as God rules the nations.  Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King. (Psalm 48:2)


Satan – In his pride and arrogance, Satan thought that he could usurp the place of God and somehow remove him from ruling.  That is how far arrogant sin can make a person think.  He thought that he would rule over every person on earth as the stars of Heaven.  He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by their names. (Psalm 147:4)  God knows the name of all the stars as he does all the people on earth and Satan thought that he could have the same unlimited knowledge that God possesses.  He also thought that he could get everyone to worship him including the Lord Jesus Christ when he was here on earth.  He wanted to have worship in the temple of God in Israel and now he wants to have worship in the temple of the body of believers and when a Christian holds to a false teaching, they are, in essence, worshipping Satan who is the father of lies and false doctrines.


Isa 14:14

I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.


KOB – The King of Babylon thought he was so exalted that he would ascend to the heights above the clouds where the gods had lived.  He also wanted to be like the Most High which in his thinking would have been Marduk who was the chief Babylonian deity, the national god of Babylon.


Satan – Satan thought that he would rule the heavens and the entire creation from an exalted position in the heavens.  However, he would not rule those who had become saved because he would have no power over them.  One of the names of God is “El Elyon” which means “Highest High or the Most High.”  Satan thought that he could remove God from his throne and rule the universe by usurping the name “El Elyon.”  Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God. (2 Thessalonians 2:4)


Isa 14:15

Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.


KOB – As exalted as the king thought he was, he will suffer the same fate as all those who opposed God and attacked his people.  His fate was that he would be brought down to hell and he wanted to be king on the sides of the north, where many pagan societies believed the gods lived, he would be brought down to the side of the pit of hell as equal to all other unbelievers.


Satan – Satan thinks that he has the power to save himself from any penalties for his actions of rebelling against God but he like his followers will be cast forever into the lake of fire.  And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever. (Revelation 20:10) 


Isa 14:16

They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;


KOB – When people look at him in his death, they will see only a man who is nothing without a vast army to keep him in power.  Narrowly looking upon him was to stare at him and then consider the fact that he was nothing but a mere mortal clothed in royal apparel.  Then in almost mocking tones, they will consider or ponder the question, is this the man who caused the earth to tremble no doubt with the chariots and sound of his army and did shake kingdoms?  Shaking was causing fear in the countries that were conquered and those who feared they would be conquered.


Satan – When Satan rebelled against God, he was tossed down to the earth where he makes his home doing nothing but causing havoc among the nations of the world.  Now there is an interesting word used here which gives us great insight as to who the Antichrist is.  It is not going to be a mortal man but is Satan himself since throughout the ages until he is cast into the lake of fire on the last day.  Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; (2 Thessalonians 2:3)  The “man” of sin in 2 Thessalonians 2:3 aligns up perfectly with Isaiah 14:16 with the fact that he made the earth to tremble and shook kingdoms which has been going on since the time of Babylon.  Satan is called a “man” and that is what gets prophecy preachers confused because they are looking at a mortal man instead of the moniker of “man” which is given to Satan in Isaiah 14:16 which is further confirmed in the next verse.


Isa 14:17

That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners?


KOB – Whenever Babylon took over a country or a city, they would leave it in ruins and make the cities and the surrounding areas a wilderness.  Then they would take the inhabitants as slaves or they would imprison them but the main teaching is that they would not be allowed to return home.  Judah was not allowed to return until the Medes and Persians under Cyrus allowed them to return. 


Satan – When Satan had rebelled against God, he came to earth and turned this place into a spiritual wilderness as evidenced by false gods and gospels which have been leading people astray for thousands of years and will continue till the last day.  Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing: for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert. (Isaiah 35:6)  When the Lord Jesus Christ saves someone they go from the wilderness of sin to the waters of salvation.  He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. (John 7:38)


Then the cities where the people live are not the cities the people of God will be seeking.  Like Abraham no salvation would be found on earth but when we go into the heavenly city, the New Jerusalem, there we will live forever.  And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, (Revelation 21:10)


Then Satan would never open up his house where the prisoners are kept.  The prisoners are all the unbelievers that Satan will keep bound as long as he can but when the true gospel is preached and a person is Elect and become saved, they are taken from the prison house and freed.  The Lord said we will know the truth and it will set us free.  The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; (Isaiah 61:1) 


Isa 14:18

All the kings of the nations, even all of them, lie in glory, every one in his own house.


The kings of all the nations upon their deaths will have a proper place of burial within their own kingdoms and houses.  Tiglath-Pileser will not even be buried but will be allowed to remain above ground which in Middle Eastern culture is a great insult and that is how the people will look upon him.  He will not have a grand funeral and that is why the people will look upon him as one who was a street urchin that died a poor man’s death and would be tossed into a potter’s field.  The Pharaohs of Egypt had great pyramids built as their places of “rest.”  In the Valley of the Kings in Egypt, even those tombs were loaded with riches as we saw in the tomb of Tutankhamen. 


Isa 14:19

But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a carcase trodden under feet.


This king of Babylon will be as one who is cast out of the grave as not having one.  The abominable branch would be a branch of a tree which is diseased or eaten away with some type of tree disease and is good for only being cut off so the rest of the tree is not affected.  Just as those who are killed in battle and their clothes are blood soaked, no one would like to take them up or touch them.  Then as the king used the sword to kill others, he has now become as one who was thrust through with the sword and then thrown into a stone pit which would be like a common or mass grave where stones are then piled on top.  Then eventually the stones will wear down to the level of the ground and they will disappear and people will walk on his grave as if there was nothing or no one buried there. 


Isa 14:20

Thou shalt not be joined with them in burial, because thou hast destroyed thy land, and slain thy people: the seed of evildoers shall never be renowned.


The king of Babylon will not have a proper burial place because he destroyed his land and slaughtered the people.  Then the utter ruin of the royal family and all the  descendants will occur since they were all evildoers.  They will never be renowned, that is, they will never be mentioned again or in any way made famous.  They will fade into history to be totally forgotten.  And so I saw the wicked buried, who had come and gone from the place of the holy, and they were forgotten in the city where they had so done: this is also vanity. (Ecclesiastes 8:10)  For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten. (Ecclesiastes 9:5)


Isa 14:21

Prepare slaughter for his children for the iniquity of their fathers; that they do not rise, nor possess the land, nor fill the face of the world with cities.


Here Isaiah emphasizes the fact which is directed to the Medes and Persians that they are to completely destroy the royal family.  The children are also to be slaughtered because they grew up in the house of their fathers who had ordered the slaughter of other people and they would carry on the same programs their fathers did but they would be unable to if they were dead.  The royal family was to end right there so there would be no chance of any of them escaping to rebuild the empire or to even inhabit any of the cities so they could raise an army.  They would inhabit many cities for their own glory and fame and to subdue local populations to fall in line with their orders.


Isa 14:22

For I will rise up against them, saith the LORD of hosts, and cut off from Babylon the name, and remnant, and son, and nephew, saith the LORD.


The judgment which will come against Babylon is not only against the king of Babylon, but it is against the empire of Babylon itself.  Even if the king died and another took his place, the same attitude would prevail in the new king.  So therefore to prevent Babylon from ever rising again, every person who could make war will be destroyed and that means all the families and even extended families.  Even the name of Babylon will be no more as it was only a broken down wall in the time of Hadrian.