Isaiah 2:1-11

Isa 2:1

The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.


Here begins another vision which Isaiah had seen.  This one also concerns itself with Judah and Jerusalem.  It also contains a prophecy of the coming of the kingdom of Christ on this earth.


Isa 2:2

And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD'S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.


Many look at this passage and believe it is speaking of a physical thousand year reign of Christ but the Bible does not teach such a myth.  Isaiah is now looking to the future when Christ would come and by his death, resurrection, and ascension the last days would be ushered in.  The last days commenced at the time of the cross and will be completed when the Lord returns on the last day.  Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;  (Hebrews 1:2)  If you notice Hebrews 1:2 speaks about the last days which already commenced at that time.  The book of Hebrews was written about 41-45 A.D. making it one of the earliest books of the New Testament.


The mountain of the Lord’s house is referring to the kingdom of God which shall be established by the teaching of grace and those who become saved will become part of the kingdom of God.  Mountains in scripture sometimes refer to kingdoms and if you notice the mountains in this verse is exalted above the hills.  We have all seen hills and realize that mountains themselves are much taller and more majestic than hills.  This is teaching that the kingdom of God will supersede every earthly kingdom as was prophesied by Daniel.  And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.  (Daniel 2:44)  The verse then states that people will flow into it which means that the gospel of grace will go throughout the world and many will become saved and as they do they will flow into the kingdom of God by means of salvation only.


Isa 2:3

And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.


This verse speaks about the prophecy which came from God to Abraham.  And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed. (Genesis 12:3)  The Gospel will go forth throughout the entire world and there will be not one nation on earth where there is no gospel witness or those who have become saved.  Those who are the Elect of God will want to seek out the kingdom of God and to the house of the God of Jacob which is the true body of believers.  The one who will teach us his ways will be the Lord Jesus Christ himself through his teachings, the scriptures, and the indwelling of the Holy Spirit given to each believer.  As a result of receiving the Lord Jesus Christ as personal Savior, each Christian will be able to walk in the paths that Jesus walked in obedience to God.  The law which will go forth from Zion will be the royal law and not the law of Moses since that would be fulfilled in Christ.  If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well:  (James 2:8)  The word of the LORD will go forth from Jerusalem.  It first came forth on Pentecost in the physical city of Jerusalem which was the beginning of the evangelization of the world and since that day the word has gone forth from the New Jerusalem which is the body of Christ.  And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.  (Revelation 21:2)


Isa 2:4

And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.


The word “judge” in the Hebrew can also be taken to have meaning of rule.  The Lord Jesus Christ will have rule among many people and that judgment will be in then household of God.  For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God?  (1 Peter 4:17) Judgment began at the house of God when Christ went to the cross and became the vicarious sacrifice for the sins of his people and they were judged and found not guilty because they were in Christ.  He will also rebuke strong nations which are the Gentile nations.  Those who have persecuted his people and would not allow the preaching of the gospel in their countries.


The first part of this verse seems to be leading up to Judgment Day when the sins of the unbelievers in all the world will be brought to light.  And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats:  (Matthew 25:32)  The second part of this verse seems to begin a section describing life in the New Heaven and New Earth.  The weapons of war, the swords and spears will be melted down and turned into farm implements.  The plowshare was shaped in such a way that it could be turned into a sword and also a sword could become a plowshare if needed.  No longer will there be any war between nations or people and war will not be learned anymore.  One of the biggest wars in history is the ongoing war between God and the unbeliever.  A person who is an unbeliever is at perpetual war with God until they become saved and once they are saved, there is peace between them and God.  Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:  (Romans 5:1)  To not learn war anymore also means to stop sinning against the Lord because when a person is unsaved, they concoct many ways to sin against the LORD.


Isa 2:5

O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of the LORD.


Throughout the Scriptures, we read the name “Jacob” and many times it refers to the body of believers.  Jacob was in the line of Abraham and from him came Judah through which the Lord Jesus Christ came.  I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother? saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob, (Malachi 1:2 )  Why did the LORD love Jacob?  It is because he was a true believer and God’s love is qualified which means he loves his children but hates the unbeliever because they are in rebellion to him.  The foolish shall not stand in thy sight: thou hatest all workers of iniquity. (Psalm 5:5)


Isaiah 2:5 has a double meaning.  It is speaking about physical Israel that they were to return to the LORD and walk in the light of his teachings.  Remember Judah came through Jacob.  Secondly, this verse speaks about the body of believers that we will walk in the light which is salvation in Christ.  But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin. (1 John 1:7)  False religion only engendered darkness but the truth of God is the only light this world knows.  This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. (1 John 1:5)


Isa 2:6

Therefore thou hast forsaken thy people the house of Jacob, because they be replenished from the east, and are soothsayers like the Philistines, and they please themselves in the children of strangers.


Then God gives the reason in the following verses why he has forsaken the physical house of Jacob.  God never forsakes the true body of believers but they can suffer along with other when a group or country comes under the judgment of God.  Some who suffered were Ezekiel, Daniel, and Jeremiah.  They suffered because they were removed from their homes along with the others.  They were replenished from the east, that is, they thought they were completing themselves by taking religion and ways from those kingdoms of the east such as Syria or Babylon.  They had become soothsayers which were like mediums and that was forbidden under Levitical law. Ye shall not eat any thing with the blood: neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times. (Leviticus 19:26)  To please themselves means they were well-satisfied by the ways of the strangers or the pagan religions.  They thought that by partaking of these false religions that they would live a satisfied life.  The Philistines were famous for all kinds of enchantments or divinations but they were forbidden for the Israelites because they would be invoking the kingdom of Satan.  During the time of Nehemiah there was a great divorce of Israelites from their pagan wives.  And the seed of Israel separated themselves from all strangers, and stood and confessed their sins, and the iniquities of their fathers. (Nehemiah 9:2)  That means they continued to practice marrying pagan wives and husbands for 300 years after Isaiah’s warnings.


Isa 2:7

Their land also is full of silver and gold, neither is there any end of their treasures; their land is also full of horses, neither is there any end of their chariots:


God would have been their wealth and strength but they saw the gold and silver in the pagan lands and wanted to be like them.  There was nothing wrong with wealth itself but it was how they made their wealth.  This was also forbidden under the law.  Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold. (Deuteronomy 17:17)  They were taken away with the prospect of continuing to grow wealthy and they did not care how they made their wealth.  Their wealth was turning them away from the LORD.  They had even broken God’s law by multiplying horses for themselves.  But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses: forasmuch as the LORD hath said unto you, Ye shall henceforth return no more that way. (Deuteronomy 17:16)  What the LORD was teaching that they should not look to chariots or many horses as their strength because the LORD was all the strength that they needed.  Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the LORD! (Isaiah 31:1)    God was to be their protector not the military.  And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent: for he is not a man, that he should repent. (1 Samuel 15:29)


Isa 2:8

Their land also is full of idols; they worship the work of their own hands, that which their own fingers have made:


God was their center of worship as it was to be done in the temple in Jerusalem but they had turned away from the LORD and attached themselves to the false idols which were nothing but their own creations.  The idols were not just in one place but were all over the land as many people partook of the false religions along with the worship of the false gods.


18 What profiteth the graven image that the maker thereof hath graven it; the molten image, and a teacher of lies, that the maker of his work trusteth therein, to make dumb idols? 19 Woe unto him that saith to the wood, Awake; to the dumb stone, Arise, it shall teach! Behold, it is laid over with gold and silver, and there is no breath at all in the midst of it. (Habakkuk 2:18-19)


15 The idols of the heathen are silver and gold, the work of men's hands. 16 They have mouths, but they speak not; eyes have they, but they see not; 17 They have ears, but they hear not; neither is there any breath in their mouths. 18 They that make them are like unto them: so is every one that trusteth in them. (Psalm 135:15-18)


Isa 2:9

And the mean man boweth down, and the great man humbleth himself: therefore forgive them not.


The mean man is the one who is a frail or fragile man who looks to the idols for strength.  The great men were the princes and the leaders of Israel who forgot their high positions and have humbled themselves before the pagan idols.  Isaiah beseeches the LORD not to forgive them for this idolatry but to deal with them with divine judgment because of their gross sins which were soothsaying, idolatry, coveting wealth and making wealth illegally, etc.  Judah was in a situation of saturated sin.


Isa 2:10

Enter into the rock, and hide thee in the dust, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty.


Then when their day of retribution will arrive when the Babylonians will take them away from the land, they will seek to hide from the invaders but they will be unable to and all who took up the idols will suffer from the LORD’s judgment.  This is a foreshadow of judgment day when the kings and the great men of the earth will attempt to hide from the LORD but it will be to no avail.  15 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; 16 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: (Revelation 6:15-16)  Judah will do everything it can to hide itself from the judgment of God but none will escape from the judgment to come.  They will experience both the judgment of the LORD and will see his glory.  Not his full glory because they would be consumed by it but the glory of his majestic domination of them who has taken up the worship of idols.  The glory of the LORD will exceed their idols.


Isa 2:11

The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down, and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day.


The prideful look which many people have as they look down on others who may not be in the position they are in but they will be humbled as a servant and not the master.  Then the haughtiness of man which is the arrogance of man will be forced to bow down before the LORD.  One of the six things the LORD hates is a proud look. A proud look, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood, (Proverbs 6:17)  Then when these idolaters are forced to bow before the LORD, then the LORD will be the only one exalted in that day as the idolaters are removed from the land and forced to bow before the majesty of God as he chastises them for their sins.  This also applies to Judgment day on the last day as those who were proud and arrogant because of their positions in this life will bow before the LORD as they see him on his throne.  For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God. (Romans 14:11)  That is every knee whether they be great or small.